The structure is located in via Sant'arcangelo in Baiano, the alley takes its name from the ancient Monastery dedicated to the Saints Archangel and Peter, which stood on the remains of a pagan temple and near a river where ancient rituals were celebrated.
In the thirteenth century the temple was rebuilt on commission by King Charles I of Anjou as a prize to celebrate the victory against the Swabians, obtained on August 23, 1268 in the battle of Tagliacozzo, with the death of Conradin following which Naples became the capital and Charles becomes the king.
The noble girls of Naples were locked up in this convent, a custom that intensified above all during the 16th century with the arrival of Don Pedro of Toledo when the aristocratic families, to safeguard their assets, often resorted to the forced nuning of their daughters; young girls like Maria D'Angiò, the daughter of King Roberto D'Angiò, Giulia Caracciolo, Fiammetta loved by Boccaccio, Chiara Frezza, Luisa San Felice and Agata Arcamone, the young nuns became the protagonists of nefarious deeds, it is said of behaviors committed of lust, blood and sacrilege, a succession of murders and sacrifices of young nuns and abbesses.
In 1577, after the Pope's unsuccessful attempt to reorder the situation, the spiritual father Saint Andrew of Avellino, following the archbishop's strict advice, gave for the first time ever the order to definitively close the monastery for "facts of lust, blood and sacrilege.”
All this certainly could not fail to attract the attention of
pens of famous writers and historians.
In fact, the French Sthendal dedicated a book to it that became famous and was considered a real nineteenth-century best seller throughout Europe.
It was entitled "Chronicles of the convent of S. Arcangelo in Baiano", it was also remembered by the illustrious Italian writer, philosopher and historian Benedetto Croce.
In 1973 the Director Paolo Dominici also dedicated a Film to the Monastery, among the actresses a Young Ornella Muti.
Legend has it that, on the darkest nights, the spirits of some Benedictine nuns release excruciating screams of agony and pain and that sometimes visible ghosts roam around. . !!